property types

Which Property Types Is For Me?

Different Property Options and Their Implications

I am often approached by young couples asking me what property types should they buy for their first property.

There isn’t a definitive answer.

But these would be my personal priorities:

  • BTO flat
  • EC
  • Private condo
  • Resale flat


Property Type 1: HDB Build-To-Order (BTO) Flat

If you can, let your first property be a HDB BTO flat to exercise your privilege as a citizen. Since the government subsidizes the flat, why not?

The main problem is, the new HDB supplies cannot meet the demands. As a result, many people miss out with each exercise. So, the question is, can you afford to wait? Oftentimes, it is very frustrating for the newly-wed or those planning to get to married who need a new home urgently. 

Besides, BTO flats are good provided you don’t mind the limited location choices of the new flat. It may mean staying very far from your parents or travel a long way to work.

But there’s a catch. If your combined monthly income is $14,000 (recently increased from $12,000) and above, then you won’t be qualified. These days, it’s not difficult to hit the income ceiling. So, buy a BTO flat while you can.

Another catch is, you can only buy as a family nucleus, except for single scheme which is limited to 2-room flexi flats in non-matured estates. For married couples, both names will be locked in for five years, which means you can’t invest in a private property during this period. So, do this while you are young.

If you do buy a BTO flat, my advice is to sell it upon meeting the 5-year MOP (Minimum Occupation Period) because that’s when the flat is worth the most. Then take that as a stepping stone to upgrade to a private condo.

If you were to keep your flat for too long, not only the chances of depreciation are high, but also you will be left with lesser cash sales proceeds, having to return your CPF used plus accrued interests. With a smaller amount of cash at hand, you may not have enough to put in the down payment for your private condo.

property types
Illustration on the impact of years of ownership on CPF accrued interests
cpf accrued interest
An example of a very high accrued interest due to many years of ownership

Property Type 2: New Executive Condo (EC)

EC is a hybrid of high-end public housing and private property. It follows quite similar to HDB policies: 5-year MOP, family nucleus and a higher income ceiling of $16,000 (recently increased from $14,000).

The prices of new EC is on the upward trend. The latest EC, Piermont Grand, has already breached the $1,000psf barrier.

Buying an EC, the maximum loan is capped by Maximum Servicing Ratio (MSR) of 30%, similar to a HDB loan. In contrast, when buying a private condo, the 60% Total Debt Servicing Ratio (TDSR) applies. Hence, based on the same salary, you can borrow twice as much when buying a private condo compared to an EC or a HDB flat.

For example, if your family income is $10,000 a month, your maximum loan under MSR is $668k. With this budget, you can buy an EC slightly less than $900k, assuming you are taking the maximum 75% loan with 25% down payment (minimum 5% cash). The smallest 3-room 840sf EC at Piermont Grand is slightly over $900,000.

If your family income is the maximum $16,000, your maximum loan is $1.069m, which means you can buy a 1302sf 4-bedroom ($1.38m up) (based on 75% loan) at Piermont Grand without forking out plenty of cash.

Those who buy a 5-bedroom at Piermont Grand that is worth more than $1.5m will need to be cash-rich. How many young couples can do that without plenty of help from parents?

Though the prices of new EC have gone up, the chances of capital gain are high. Even at $1,000psf, it is still much lower than the average prices of condos in the same area. After five years of MOP, an EC will have a similar status as a condo. It can be sold to Singaporeans after five years and foreigners after ten years. That’s why the response to Piermont Grand is so positive.

But do remember, for married couples, both names will be locked in for five years, during which you can’t invest in another property.

Property Type 3: Private Condominium

Buying a private condo is a lot more affordable than what most people think.

Even if your income is only $5,000 a month, you can borrow up to $668,000 on a 30-year tenure. If you have sufficient cash and CPF for the 25% down payment, you can buy a condo that costs almost $890,000. With this budget, you can buy a 2-bedroom unit at Treasure At Tampines.

There are several advantages of buying a private condo as compared to a HDB or an EC.

Firstly, there is no MOP criteria to fulfill. Which means you can rent out anytime, buy another property or sell after three years without incurring seller stamp duty (SSD).

property types

Secondly, there is no need to buy as a family nucleus. For HDB and EC owners, because both spouses’ names are locked in, you can’t possibly buy a 2nd property without incurring Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty (ABSD). Decoupling is not allowed for HDB owners. For dual-income married couples, if you are financially able, you can buy 1 under your name and another under your spouse’s name without paying ABSD.

Thirdly, based on the current market trend, the chances of realizing a capital gain for a private condo is much higher than a resale HDB flat. But be sure you know what to buy. Not all condos are equal.

Fourthly, if you’re looking to borrow a large sum of money and have a private property on hand, you can take an equity/term loan with the bank. This is not possible for HDB. For EC, you have to wait until your MOP of five years run out. Typically, the bank will allow you to borrow up to 75% of your property value. But first, you would need to minus any outstanding loan amounts, as well as any CPF used for the property purchase. The interest rate is the same as a mortgage loan.

property types
The current trend shows the continual depreciation of HDB flats whereas private condos have appreciated

Property Type 4: Resale Flat

Buying a resale flat should be the last option for a young couple.

But sometimes due to circumstances, it may be the only viable option. Cheap old flats may be the only thing you can afford. Maybe you want to be near your parents. Or to be near the primary school of choice for your children. Or you can’t afford to wait for the BTO flats.

For some, they are not eligible to buy BTO or new EC due to income ceiling, and they think resale flats is the only type of housing they can afford.

Some are attracted to the first-timer $50,000 grant and $20,000 proximity grant.

There are so many things to be concerned about when buying a resale flat

  • Age of the flat
  • Difficulty in selling in future
  • Depreciation
  • The high price of flats in matured estates
  • The high cost of renovations which eats into your cash reserves.  
is hdb a retirement asset
HDB is no longer regarded as a retirement asset today as it was in the past


It is essential to plan. And to plan early.

Before you make the important decision of buying your first property, you need to know all your options and their implications.

I am a Property Wealth Planner, and I am here to help you:

  • to find out strategies that property owners use to BUILD WEALTH quicker safely,
  • to understand your current position and options through a customised FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY study,
  • to plan a bespoke investment roadmap that can help you achieve FINANCIAL FREEDOM and PASSIVE INCOME streams with low risk.

If you are keen to know more, feel free to contact me for a no-obligation discussion.

danny han pwp

Danny Han has always been in the people’s business, having spent 23 years as a church pastor, five years as an insurance agent, and the last 16 years as a property consultant.


Danny has a genuine interest in people and firmly believes in personal integrity. While helping homeowners with their property needs, their interest always takes precedence over his personal gains. Hence, Danny has consistently earned his clients’ complete trust and loyalty. Many of them have become his personal friends.


Danny received his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from Singapore Polytechnics and Bachelor of Science from Oklahoma Christian University of Science and Arts in Bible & Psychology.


Besides keeping abreast of the property market trend and constantly equipping himself to better serve his clients, Danny is a passionate foodie, a weekend cyclist, and an avid hiker. 

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